Questions & Answers
 

Can a Muslim Woman Travel Alone

  Four Questions about Islam
 

How Can I Become a Better Person

 

Your Guide to Marital Happiness

 

Time Management From an Islamic Perspective

 

How Does Islam View Human Emotions

  Is it True that There's an Authentic Hadith Where the Prophet Refused to Set Prices at the Time of Famine is Madina
 

Hijab: Is it all about appearance (pleasing Allah vs. Pleasing a Husband)

  Price Differentiation, Can I sell at different places with different prices
  Was Lady Aisha a Child When She Married Prophet Mohammad
 

Roles in Marriage: Psychological and Islamic Perspectives

  Can A Muslim Be Depressed ?
  Why do I feel bored most of the time?
  Why can Muslim Men Marry non-Muslim Women when non-Muslim Men can not Marry Muslim Women?
  Did Lady Aisha Participate in the Camel Battle? Why? And What Exactly Happened in this Occasion?
  How can Islam be a Solution to Contemporary Problem? And How Come Women Can not be Nation Leaders in Islam? Why?
 
 
 

Questions such as why human beings were created, and why certain events occur as opposed to others, and why someone had to die and not another, can not be answered by the human mind in and of itself. A simple reason is the fact that human beings are not even able to uncover the mysteries of their own brain! The human mind is only able to identify existing rules, which Allah has put in nature, and use them to come up with new connections. That is why Allah,

  the One and Only Perfect Creator of the universe, has sent messengers, Prophets (peace be upon them all) since the beginning of time, from among the best of human beings, to guide human beings…
 

Can a Muslim Woman Travel Alone

 

The Qu'ran refers to Jesus as the Messiah in AnNisa' 157-158.  What does it mean that Jesus is the Messiah?
 
In Christianity we believe that everyone sins. Is this the same for Islam?
 
Did Mohammed sin?  
 
If you sin how do you go to heaven?

Thank you for your interest to know more about Islam as the fastest growing religion in the world. Your questions reflect deep thought and comprehension. You will find me in all my replies putting references, as Muslims act based on God's commandments (in the Holy Quran and the Prophet's sayins peace be upon him). No one is free from sin and no one is above God's commandments.
 
Allow me first to brief you on couple of definitions and then on the main issues pertaining to the questions you were wondering about. Those questions could lead us to write books, so I am going to be as brief and concise as I can. Should you have further inquiries, please promise me not to hesitate in asking. It is a mark of intelligence to always question, criticize, shape and entertain different opinions.
 
Some Definitions:

Prophets and Religion: Muslims believe in the Oneness of God (Allah to be defined next). Based on that, Muslims believe in one religion for all humanity, yet different legislations catering to the specific needs of specific communities across time (to different nations) through the different Prophets, including Abraham (Ibrahim), Jesus (Issa), Moses (Mousa), etc. May the peace and blessings of Allah be on them all. Prophet Muhammad is the last Prophet sent to mankind, leaving a book that God has promised to preserve for eternity, till the Day of Judgment. It makes sense that when Allah sends a new message that it is followed. Allah says in the Quran that Jesus was sent to simplify the legislation sent with Moses (Quran: Chapter 3, verses 49 & 50), and Muhammad came with the final complete message (refer to the Prophet Muhammad's sayings below).
Bukhari 30: Volume: 4, Book Number: 56, Hadith Number: 734
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet Muhammad said, "My similitude in comparison with the other prophets is that of a man who has built a house completely and excellently except for a place of one brick. When the people enter the house, they admire its beauty and say: 'But for the place of this brick (how splendid the house will be)!"
Bukhari 25: Volume: 4, Book Number: 56, Hadith Number: 661
Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet Muhammad said, "The Israelis used to be ruled and guided by prophets: Whenever a prophet died, another would take over his place. There will be no prophet after me, but there will be Caliphs who will increase in number." The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What do you order us (to do)?" He said, "Obey the one who will be given the pledge of allegiance first. Fulfil their (i.e. the Caliphs) rights, for Allah will ask them about (any shortcoming) in ruling those Allah has put under their guardianship."

Allâh: Literally means “the God”, “the One who is deserving of worship”. Allah is unique in all His attributes and Allah the only proper and unique name for God. In the English language, the word "God" can be made into a plural (Gods) or a feminine (Goddess) and this is inappropriate in Islam. The Arabic Bible contains the word Allah more than a thousand times.

Qur’ân: The final scripture according to Muslim tradition; the final Word of Allah, the One and Only.
(Also note that when I say "sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam", it literally means peace be upon him.)

Question One:

There are many refernces in the Qur'an and in the Prophet Muhammad's sayings that refer to Jesus Peace be upon them both. Again, I give you a sample.

Bukhari 22: Volume: 4, Book Number: 55, Hadith Number: 651

Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "I am the nearest of all the people to the son of Mary, and all the prophets are paternal brothers, and there has been no prophet between me and him (i.e. Jesus)."

Bukhari 23: Volume: 4, Book Number: 55, Hadith Number: 652
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Both in this world and in the Hereafter, I am the nearest of all the people to Jesus, the son of Mary. The prophets are paternal brothers; their mothers are different, but their religion is one."
 
Christians do not know that the true spirit of charity which the Muslim displays, always, towards Jesus and his mother Mary spring from the fountainhead of his faith - the Holy Qur’ân. Christians don't know that the Muslim does not take the holy name of Jesus, in his own language, without saying Eesa, alaihi assalam ("Jesus, peace be upon him")

In the Holy Qur’ân Jesus is mentioned twenty five times. However, he is NOT God. Allah says in the Quran:

1: Surah Number: 3, Ayah Number: 79

No human to whom Allah has given the (Holy) Book, Judgement and Prophethood would say to the people: 'Be worshipers of me, other than Allah.' But rather, 'Be of the Lord, for that you teach the Book, and in that you have studied.'

Jesus is always refered to as a Prophet in the Quran. For example:
"We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear signs and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit" (The Holy Qur’ân 2:87)
"O Mary! God giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary..." (3:45)
"...Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of god..." (4:171)
"...And in their foot steps we sent Jesus the son of Mary..." (5:46)
"And Zakariya and John, and Jesus and Elias: all in the ranks of the righteous." (6:85)

Jesus - His Titles
Scholar and Sheikh Ahmed Deedat (www.irf.net) answered this question long ago. Here is his answer: "Though Jesus is mentioned by name in twenty-five places in the Holy Qur’ân, he is also addressed with respect as: Ibn Maryam, meaning "The son of Mary"; and as the Maseeh (in Hebrew it is the Messiah), which is translated as "Christ". He is also known as Abdullah, "The servant of Allah"; and as Rasul u Allah, the messenger of Allah.
He is spoken of as "The Word of God", as "The Spirit of God", as a "Sign of God", and numerous other epithets of honor spread over fifteen different chapters. The Holy Quran honors this mighty messenger of God, and the Muslims have not fallen short over the past fourteen hundred years in doing the same. There is not a single disparaging remark in the entire Quran to which even the most jaundiced among the Christians can take exception.

Eesa Latinised to "Jesus"
The Holy Qur’ân refers to Jesus as Eesa, and this name is used more times than any other title, because this was his "Christian" name. Actually, his proper name was Eesa (Arabic), or Esau (Hebrew); classical Yeheshua, which the Christian nations of the West latinised as Jesus. Neither the "J" nor the second "s" in the name Jesus is to be found in the original tongue - they are not found in the Semitic languages.

The word is very simply "E S A U" a very common Jewish name, used more than sixty times in the very first booklet alone of the Bible, in the part called "Genesis". There was at least one "Jesus" sitting on the "bench" at the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin. Josephus the Jewish historian mentions some twenty five Jesus' in his "Book of Antiquities". The New Testament speaks of "Bar-Jesus" a magician and a sorcerer, a false prophet (Acts 13:6); and also "Jesus-Justus" a Christian missionary, a contemporary of Paul (Colossians 4:11). These are distinct from Jesus the son of Mary. Transforming "Esau" to (J)esu(s) - Jesus - makes it unique. This unique (?) name has gone out of currency among the Jews and the Christians from the 2nd century after Christ. Among the Jews, because it came to be a name of ill - repute, the name of one who blasphemed in Jewry; and among the Christians because it came to be the proper name of their God. The Muslim will not hesitate to name his son Eesa because it is an honored name, the name of a righteous servant of the Lord."

To Muslims, Jesus – or ‘Issa – is a saviour, a reformist, the Messiah (the anointed one), the“Word of God”. He was elevated to heaven. He could cure the ill, raise the dead, fashion inanimate objects and blow life into them, all by the Will of God.
We believe that the one who disbelieves in Jesus is not a Muslim, because the person who disbelieves in one the prophets disbelieves in all of them. So Muslims believe in Jesus and in his message. His message was one with all the other messengers. In the Qur’ân, it is said that God never sent a messenger to mankind except that he was sent with one warning: Worship Allâh alone.

As I highlighted previously, Muhammad (sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam) said:
“I am the most worthy of ‘Issa bin Marium in this life and in the hereafter.” They (Sahaba) asked: “Why is that O Messenger of Allâh (sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam)?”
He (sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam) replied:

“The Prophets are paternal (bloodline) brethren (from fathers side). Their mothers may be different (races, peoples, bloodlines) yet their Deen is always one (Islam).” Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.

Therefore this necessitates that he who disputes the validity of one of the true Prophets and Messengers has in fact reviled and disputed all of them. One cannot believe in Muhammad (sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam) and not believe in ‘Issa (Alihi as-Salaam). Equally, one cannot truly believe in ‘Issa and not believe in Muhammad (sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam). To truly accept one Prophet or Messenger necessitates the acceptance of all those who came before him and all who will come after him, ending with Muhammad (sala Allâhu ‘alihi was-Salaam) --
Refer to (www.islaam.net).  
 
Question Two and Four Combined:
 
The answer to Question three is: Yes and No. Let me explain further. And let me remind you of the definition we gave to religion. Muslims believe that Allah, the Almighty, the Exalted One, sent Jesus Peace be upon him just as he sent Moses and Muhammad. So, there can b no difference in the basic beliefs really. Differences reflect error and error is attributable only to human beings, NOT to Allah.
 
Yes, Muslims also believe that everyone sins. However, this sin is not taken as an inevitable occurrence that can not be prevented. Specifically, Muslims believe that:
1) a human being should be always in a constant state of improvement spiritually and through deeds. Islam is three things: belief by the heart, saying by the tongue, and acting by the body (through doing good deeds, and preventing what's unlawful).
2) Sin is not forgiven by mere confession. Muslims believe in a DIRECT relationship with Allah. Forgiveness is through repentance from sin through seeking Allah's forgiveness, intentions not to repeat this sin again, and doing good deeds to compensate for the bad deeds. Allah says in th Quran: Surah Number: 11, Ayah Number: 114
And establish your prayer at the two edges of the day and in part of the night. Good deeds will repel evil deeds. That is a remembrance for those who remember.
 
In other words, sins are forgiven through constant prayer, ablution (cleaning ritual before prayer), going to pilgrimage in Mecca, etc. The human being is a package. If his balance of good deeds outweighs his bad ones, he goes to Heaven. In fact, Allah tells us in the Quran that He is so Merciful that the balance of deeds is on our side. The good deed is worth 10 times as much (till 700 times depending on sincerity and intention), whereas the bad deed is only counted as one. Also, if one seriously repents, Allah turns his past sins all into good deeds. See below:
 
Surah Number: 28, Ayah Number: 84
Whosoever does a good deed shall have better than it. But whosoever does evil deeds, they shall be recompensed for what they were doing.

He who brings a good deed shall have tenfold of its like, but he who brings a sin shall be recompensed only for its like. None shall be wronged.

 
Surah Number: 2, Ayah Number: 261
The example of those who give their wealth in the way of Allah is like a grain of corn that sprouts seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allah multiplies to whom He will, Allah is the Embracer, the Knower.

Surah Number: 25, Ayah Number: 70
except he who repents and believes and does good works - those, Allah will change their evil deeds into good deeds; Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.
 
For those who convert (I don't like to use this word, the proper word is revert coz it's one religion in the end, but belief in the Holy Quran and in Prophet Muhammad is essential for the completion of religion) from Judaism or Christianity, they take only their good deeds to Islam and they are given twice as much good deeds, coz they believed in Allah twice:
 
 
Surah Number: 28, Ayah Number: 51
We have brought them the Word in order that they remember.
Those to whom We gave the Book before, believe in it.
When it is recited to them, they say: 'We believe in it, because it is the truth from Our Lord. We surrendered ourselves before it came.
'Their wage shall be given them twice, because they have endured patiently, averting evil with good and spending from what We have given them;
 
Question Three:
 
This is a long question. However, briefly, Muslims believe that perfection is only for Allah praise be to Him, the One and Only. Prophets, including Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon them all, are protected from sin. They are the models of perfect human beings. However, they are still not perfect because total perfection is only for Allah (SWT - Glory be to Him the One and Only). Prophet Muhammad's sins were NOT "sins" in the ordinary sense of "doing bad deeds". No no. Prophet Muhammad's sins were mainly falling short of certain priorities because of his extreme care for saving the maximum number of people and helping them attain salvation forgetting that he is only a messenger, for which he is blamed by Allah in the Quran (and this is hard proof that he is not the maker of the Quran and also of his honesty which he was known with before revelation). Let me give you an example.
 
The Prophet was sitting with the leaders of Quraysh and he cared so much for their embracing Islam because if they embrace Islam, a lot of other people will too and would therefore b saved. So, he was busy with them discussing and so on, when a blind man entered the room, so the Prophet sort of ignored him. This might b acceptable for an ordinary person but for a Prophet no. Although, the Prophet's only aim was to postpone listening to this poor blind man till he finishes his important discussion that can lead to the saving of many many people. But Allah's Will decreed that the Prophet should have listened to this poor blind man who came from far away to learn more in Islam, coz Islam knows NO racism. Here are the verses:
 
Surah Number: 80, Ayah Number: 1-11
He frowned and turned away
when the blind came to him.
And what could let you know? Perhaps he (comes to hear you) to be purified.
(He might) remember, and the Reminder might profit him.
As for he who is sufficed
you attended to him,
although it is not for you to be concerned if he remained unpurified.
And to him who came to you eagerly
and fearfully,
of him you were unmindful.
No indeed, this is a Reminder;

There are a few other examples. Around three or four more, where the Prophet was blamed such as:
 
Surah Number: 9, Ayah Number: 43
Allah has forgiven you! Why did you give them leave (to stay behind) until it was clear to you which of them was truthful and knew those who lied?
 
 
Should you want to know more, let me know your specific questions.
 
A Small Reflection on Prophet Muhammad's Success as a leader who changed the world -- from Ahmed Deedat's works:
 
Normally, it is quite, natural for anyone to love, praise, idolize or hero-worship ones leader, be it a guru, saint or prophet: and very often we do.
However, if I were to reproduce here what great Muslims have said or written about our illustrious prophet, it could be played down as exaggeration, fancy or idolization by the sceptics and the opponents of Islam.  Therefore, allow me to quote unbiased historians, friendly critics and even avowed enemies of that mighty Messenger of God - Muhammad (pbuh).  If the tributes of the non-Muslims do not touch your hearts, then you are in the wrong faith.  Opt out of Islam!  There is already too much deadwood on the "ship" of Islam.
 In recent times, a book has been published in America  titled "The 100," or the Top One hundred, or the Greatest Hundred in History.  A certain Michael H. Hart, described as a historian, mathematician and astronomer has written this novel book.  He has searched history, seeking for men who had the greatest influence on mankind.  In this book he gives us The hundred most influential men, including Asoka, Aristotle, Buddha, Confucius, Hitler, Plato, and Zoroaster.  He does not give us a mere chart of the topmost "one hundred" from the point of view of their influence on people, but he evaluates the degree of their influence and rates them in order of their excellence from No. 1, through to No. 100.  He gives us his reasons for the placing of his candidates.  We are not asked to agree with him, but we cannot help admire the man's research and honesty.

The most amazing thing about his selection is that he has put our Nabee-e-Kareem, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as No. 1, the first of his "100!" Thus confirming, unknowingly, God's Own testimony in His Final Revelation to the World:
MOST CERTAINLY, YOU HAVE IN THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH AN EXCELLENT PATTERN (OF BEHAVIOUR)
Holy Qur’ân 33:21

Hope that helps…