Questions & Answers
 

Can a Muslim Woman Travel Alone

  Four Questions about Islam
 

How Can I Become a Better Person

 

Your Guide to Marital Happiness

 

Time Management From an Islamic Perspective

 

How Does Islam View Human Emotions

  Is it True that There's an Authentic Hadith Where the Prophet Refused to Set Prices at the Time of Famine is Madina
 

Hijab: Is it all about appearance (pleasing Allah vs. Pleasing a Husband)

  Price Differentiation, Can I sell at different places with different prices
  Was Lady Aisha a Child When She Married Prophet Mohammad
 

Roles in Marriage: Psychological and Islamic Perspectives

  Can A Muslim Be Depressed ?
  Why do I feel bored most of the time?
  Why can Muslim Men Marry non-Muslim Women when non-Muslim Men can not Marry Muslim Women?
  Did Lady Aisha Participate in the Camel Battle? Why? And What Exactly Happened in this Occasion?
  How can Islam be a Solution to Contemporary Problem? And How Come Women Can not be Nation Leaders in Islam? Why?
 
 
 

Questions such as why human beings were created, and why certain events occur as opposed to others, and why someone had to die and not another, can not be answered by the human mind in and of itself. A simple reason is the fact that human beings are not even able to uncover the mysteries of their own brain! The human mind is only able to identify existing rules, which Allah has put in nature, and use them to come up with new connections. That is why Allah,

  the One and Only Perfect Creator of the universe, has sent messengers, Prophets (peace be upon them all) since the beginning of time, from among the best of human beings, to guide human beings
 

Price Differentiation, Can I sell at different places with different prices

 

The basic Islamic rule says that fatwas (Islamic Jurisprudence ruling) can not be generalized to all situations. Fatwa ( Hukm or Rule in English) differs with differences in situations, time, and place. So, it really depends on the particular situation. A nice Islamic site for fatwas (in case you want to ask about something in particular) is www.islamonline.net . However, the following are some general rules related to what you were asking about:

1) There is a rule in Islamic Jusrisprudence ( Fiqh in Arabic) that says: "La Darara wala Derar" explained as "whatever u do, u can not harm others with what u do, and others as well can not harm u with what they do". In other words, freedom is bound by the limits of other people.

2) Monopoly is prohibited in Islam. The Prophet PBUH forbade monopoly. It follows from that as well that for necessary goods, the price has to be for the welfare of the people. Manipulation is totally forbidden. For instance, Coca Cola once had a vending machine with a temperature thermometer, whenever the weather went hotter, the price of the cold cans went up! This is totally un-islamic because it makes use of the situation.

3) Another general rule says: "The Contract is the Law of the Party". In Arabic, it says " Al 'aqdu shari'atul muta'aqedeen ". So whatever people VOLUNTARILY (not forced -- or through any pressures) agree upon, that is their law. The party that violates the agreement is subject to questioning on the Day of Judgment. Allah says in the Qur'an, "O you who believe, fulfill the contracts." (Al-Ma'idah: 1) Also, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, "Muslims must abide by their agreements, except an agreement that make Haram (unlawful) what is Halal (lawful) or make Halal what was Haram ." (At-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 1272)

4) Any kind of situation abuse is forbidden in Islam by what is known as Qeyas . Let me explain. Sources of Islamic verdicts/rulings come from: 1) the Quran , 2) The Sunnah , if not found in either, there is 3) Qeyas (basing the judgment on a similar situation or a similar incident where there is direct ruling), if not found, 4) Ijma' (consensus of scholars). So now Allah SWT says in the Quran related to loans and debts:

Surah Number: 2, Ayah Number: 280
If he should be in hardship, then a postponement until ease; while if you give charity it is better for you if you know.

So as you see, the party with the upper hand should be even more merciful. In the case of the person who gives out a loan to another poor/indebted person and that other person is unable to pay, then it is better (recommended) for the lender to forgive. That is the true spirit of Islam.

5) Finally, this is a similar fatwa on Islam Online which I urge you to read. I quote this from it:

" Price discrimination of essential goods is very bad unless it is done to give concessions to the poor. In fact the Shari'ah prohibits any price discrimination that charges the poor anything above what other customers are charged.

Price discrimination in non-essential goods and services is left to be determined by the public interest (welfare) of the country and whenever it serves the public interest it is permissible ."

It is available online at:

http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?pagename=IslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar/FatwaE/FatwaE&cid=1119503545896

Under the title of:

Islam's Position on Monopoly and Pricing Commodities (Price Discrimination)